What is pyreneism?A PHYSICAL AND INTELLECTUAL PRACTICE OF THE MOUNTAIN
Pyreneism remains a neologism formed in opposition to mountaineering. This intellectual movement of the 19th century offers a sports, artistic and literary approach to the mountains.
After several trips to the Pyrenees, the Parisian Henry Beraldi, French bibliophile and publisher, published in 1898 “ One hundred years in the Pyrenees », a monumental work in seven volumes. Its preamble introduces the term “Pyreneism” which it associates with three phases: “climbing, feeling, writing”.
Beraldi considers pyreneism as an intellectual approach to the mountain which connects the emotional to the sports practice. He defines the Pyreneists as passionate men and women who translate their discoveries of the Pyrenees into writing (poetry, literature) and images (drawing, painting, photography, etc.).
The beginnings of pyreneism
For centuries, the mountain is considered a hostile place that is only used for pasture. But in the 18th century, the first conquests of the summits with Mont-Blanc in 1786, which marked the beginnings of mountaineering. The first Pyrenean summit over 3 meters was conquered in 000 by Henri Reboul and Jacques Vidal with The Turon of Neouvielle.
In 1789, Ramond de Carbonnieres, adviser to Cardinal de Rohan exiled in Barèges publishes “ Observations made in the Pyrenees in which he recounts his discovery of the Pyrenees after that of the Alps. He becomes one of the first explorers of these mountains.
Over the course of his long walks (he crossed Mont-Perdu in 1802), he described the history of the lands crossed and the customs of the inhabitants. Geologist, naturalist, illustrator, he is considered the pioneer of pyreneism.